- Lao Zi - (a.k.a. Lao-Tse, Lao Tzu, Laozi, etc.) founder of Taoism; author of the Tao Te Ching
- Empress Dou (Wen) - (a.k.a. Empress Xiaowen) died 135 B.C.; Chinese empress during Han Dynasty whose Taoist beliefs greatly influenced her husband and son, Emperor Wen and Emperor Jing, a time considered one of the golden ages of Chinese history
- Ho Yen - Chinese philosopher; founder of Toaist-based philosophical movement ch'ing-t'an ("pure conversation")
- Huang Gongwang - (1269-1354) famous painter, one of the great literati painters; Taoist priest; oldest of the "four great masters of the Yuan"
- K'ou Ch'ien-chih - (365-448) Taoist religious reformer; organized many of the ceremonies and rites of the Taoism; reformulated its theology
- Kuo Hsiang - Chinese philosopher, Neo-Taoist thinker; wrote an important commentary on the Chuang-tzu
- Lie Zi - (born Liu An; a.k.a. Lieh Tzu; Huai-nan Tzu; Huainanzi) prince and famous legendary Taoist sage mentioned many times in the Zhuang Zi; credited with compiling the Taoist text Lie Zi
- Qiu Chuji - (a.k.a. Kiu Chang Chun; 1148-1227) Quanzhen Taoist; the most famous one in Wang Chongyang's "Seven Immortals"; founder of Dragon Gate Taoism
- Sun Bu'er - (born Fuchun; a.k.a. Sun Pu-erh) one of the Taoist Seven Masters of Quanzhen (circa 1119-1182 C.E.); a beautiful, intelligent, wealthy woman; influential Taoist priestess who, it is said, attained the Tao and became immortal; founded the Purity and Tranquility sect; wrote Taoist poetry
- Wang Chongyang - (1113 to 1170 C.E.) Song Dynasty Taoist; one of founders of Quanzhen Taoism ("The Way of Complete Perfection"); one of Five Northern Patriarchs; Jin Yong's popular wuxia novels include a character based on him.
- Wang Pi - (circa 226 - 249) Chinese philosopher; important commentator on Tao Te Ching and I Ching
- Yang Hsiung - (53 B.C. to 18 A.D.) preacher of "Tai Hsuan" (Great Mystery), which combined elements of Taoism with Confucian ethics; rejected notion of immortality; taught that humans are combinations of good and evil
- Zhang Daoling - (a.k.a. Chang Tao-ling; Zhang Ling; Celestial Master Zhang) 2nd Century C.E. Taoist hermit who founded first major Taoist church: the Zhengyi Mengwei Tianshi Dao ("Tradition of the Celestial Master of the Mighty Commonwealth of Orthodox Oneness") sect of Taoism, a.k.a. Tianshi Dao ("Way of the Celestial Masters") or "Wudou Mi Dao" ("Way of Five Bushels of Rice")
- Zhang Sanfeng - legendary (and semi-mythical) Taoist priest who lived in late Song dynasty, Yuan dynasty or Ming dynasty; cultural hero attributed with the creation of nei chia (soft, internal martial arts), specifically T'ai Chi Ch'uan; his name frequently appears in Chinese novels and films as a master of martial arts, spirituality, and swordsmanship
- Zhuang Zi (Chuang Tzu) - famous ancient Chinese philosopher (circa 4th century BCE); author (and/or compiler) of influential Taoist book Zhuangzi